Water is fundamental to ensuring food security and sustainable livelihood. Proper soil conservation measures  help in recharging ground water. To utilize the surface and ground water efficiently, water harvesting structures are developed by Vikash in Koraput, Bargarh and Boudh districts of Odisha.

It undertook construction/Installation of Diversion Based Irrigation, irrigation canal, Small Lift Irrigation, Farm Well, Micro-irrigation systems, check dams, percolation tanks and farm ponds for effective utilization of precious water resources. After the super cyclone, Vikash had installed tube wells in cyclone affected areas. It has also promoted spring based drinking water supply in remote hilly areas of Koraput and Malkangiri districts.

Advocacy and training in Water quality monitoring/management has been taken up in Bhubaneswar as a part of the OWSSB project.